Leishmaniasis: A Family Affair

Posted by defensebaseactcomp on May 27, 2010

A Deadly Danger To Every Troop Serving In Or Near Iraq; It Can Kill You, It Can Kill Your Wife, It  Can Kill Your Kids: And The V.A. Tries To Cover It  Up

August 07, 2006 Paul  Egan, The Detroit News [Excerpts]

Nobody can say U.S.  Army veteran Arvid Brown’s Gulf War illness is all in his head.

Brown’s late wife,  Janyce, caught leishmaniasis — a sometimes deadly parasitic disease borne by  sand flies that can attack the body’s cells and internal organs — a malady he  brought home from Operation Desert Storm. So did the Swartz Creek couple’s two  young children.

Now, the U.S. Court  of Appeals has ruled the federal government and the Department of Veterans  Affairs can be sued for alleged failure to diagnose Brown’s illness and for any  injuries he and his family suffered.

Veterans’ groups are  hailing the decision as a victory for families of tens of thousands of veterans  of not only the first Gulf War, in which Brown served, but subsequent Mideast  conflicts.

“This is a huge  case,” said Joyce Riley, spokeswoman for the American Gulf War Veterans  Association in Versailles, Mo. “This gives a lot of veterans a lot of  hope.”

When Brown, now 48,  returned from the Gulf War in 1991, he couldn’t understand why his once-vigorous  health was deteriorating. His head, muscles and bones ached, his strength was  sapped; he was constantly exhausted but could not sleep.

Doctors with the  U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs could not pinpoint an ailment.

They denied him  disability benefits in 1995, and Brown said they prescribed painkillers and  mood-altering drugs that made things worse.

It was Brown’s wife,  Janyce, who had the research skills and persistence eventually to find a doctor  who in 1998 diagnosed Brown with leishmaniasis.

By then, Janyce,  too, had contracted the disease and both the couple’s children had been born  with it and other ailments, according to medical reports filed in the case from  Dr. Gregory Forstall, then-director of infectious diseases at McLaren Regional  Medical Center in Flint, now in private practice.

The government has  not disputed the medical reports.

Janyce Brown  developed a series of ailments and last year died at age 43 of a rare and  inoperable form of liver cancer. Though no definite link was established between  her leishmaniasis and other diseases, Arvid Brown said his wife was healthy  before they met.

Janyce Brown in 2004  brought a $125 million lawsuit against the government, but a federal judge in  Detroit ruled the family couldn’t sue for injuries a soldier suffered while on  active duty.

Late last month, the  U.S. 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati partially overturned O’Meara’s  decision, saying the government is not liable for injuries suffered while Brown  was on active duty but it can be sued for what happened once he returned to  Michigan. The government may appeal, officials said.

“They should not be  allowed to just use us up and throw us away,” said Brown, now alone and raising  two disabled children, ages 9 and 10, on his disability income. “Somebody has  got to be accountable.”

Mark Zeller, 42, a  Gulf War veteran in Dahlonega, Ga., said he is about to bring a lawsuit against  the government and believes the decision in Brown’s case will strengthen his  legal position.

“I can’t do anything  and I have to sleep all the time,” said Zeller, who has been diagnosed by  Veterans Affairs doctors with chronic fatigue syndrome but says his wife and  five children also constantly suffer from flulike symptoms.

Leishmaniasis is  little-known in North America but common in southwest Asia and many other parts  of the world. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,  about 12 million people in the tropics and subtropics have the disease. One form  produces skin lesions.

The more severe and  deadly form, which Brown has, attacks blood cells and the body’s internal  organs. Like malaria, it is a chronic disease that can be controlled but not  cured.

[And guess what.  Lots of troops in Iraq get the skin lesions. And the military doctors give them  a little cream to make it go away. And they do NOT tell the troops that the  parasite the causes the skin lesions can still be alive and well insider your  body, hibernating, and then breaking loose to infect and destroy your internal  organs.

Dr. Katherine Murray  Leisure is a former Department of Veterans Affairs doctor now in private  practice in Lebanon, Pa., specializing in infectious diseases. She said  leishmaniasis if often difficult to diagnose and could be an underlying factor  in half or more of the thousands of cases of veterans commonly referred to as  suffering from “Gulf War syndrome.”

Bedouins and others  who live in the desert clothe their entire bodies for good reasons, Murray  Leisure said. But, when U.S. forces go to the desert to fight, “we try to  pretend we’re at the Jersey shore.”

No reliable numbers  are available on how many family members believe they have been  infected.

But Riley, a  registered nurse and former U.S. Air Force captain, said she believes tens of  thousands of veterans’ relatives have suffered.

“I think this is the  Titanic,” said Robert P. Walsh, Brown’s Battle Creek attorney. “All these guys  saw was the tip of the iceberg.”

Arvid Brown, who  grew up in southwest Detroit, spent about six months overseas during Desert  Storm, helping to build, maintain and operate a prisoner of war camp near Hafr  Al-Batin in northeastern Saudi Arabia, about 25 miles from the Iraqi  border.

Brown remembers the  sand flies, the camel spiders and the bug repellent. He remembers meeting  soldiers in the desert who wore dogs’ flea collars around their necks, wrists  and ankles and thinking how unhealthy that seemed.

The muscle aches,  bone pains, headaches and rashes began while he was in Saudi Arabia, but “it was  easy to attribute it to heat and everything I was doing,” Brown  recalled.

Solving the mystery  would take seven years as Brown’s condition worsened through periods of  disorientation, blackouts, extreme light sensitivity and almost unbearable pain.  By 1998, when he was finally diagnosed, Brown had lost his job, been forced to  give up driving and said he awoke early most mornings from a fitful sleep,  vomiting blood.

Veterans Affairs  doctors, who according to court records examined Brown on Sept. 13, 1994, but  did not detect the disease, said he was suffering anxiety attacks and prescribed  pills, Brown said. The department did not grant him benefits until 1998 and only  this year recognized his diagnosis of leishmaniasis.

Brown wed Janyce  Surface in September 1994 as his health continued to spiral downward. He lost  his job and they struggled to pay bills.

Children arrived:  Asa, now 10, in 1995, and his sister, Helen, now 9, in 1997. Both were born with  severe handicaps and later tested positive for leishmaniasis. Helen is still  unable to speak.

It was Janyce Brown  who got her husband an appointment with Forstall, who diagnosed Arvid Brown with  leishmaniasis in October 1998. Chemotherapy put the disease into remission,  though Brown continues to struggle with his health today.

By 2000, Janyce  Brown and both children had also tested positive for leishmaniasis. As Janyce  struggled to care for her husband and look after two young children with  cerebral palsy, her own health rapidly deteriorated. She died at home of  cancer.

“She was an  extremely intelligent individual, someone with the will and the nerves of steel  and the tenaciousness of the meanest bulldog you had ever come across,” Brown  said.

“She was fighting  for her husband, the man she loved … and her children … She will always be my  biggest hero.”

Editors note:  The Browns have Leishmaniasis Viscerotropica which was formerly considered to a cutaneous species but has evolved into a milder visceral species.  It takes longer to kill you.  It may or may not produce skin lesions.

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